The first Scottish fold appeared on a farm in Scotland, near the village of Coupar Angus in 1961.
A local shepherd noticed a shorthaired white cat had strangely folded ears and it is from this cat named Susie that all Folds today can trace their heritage.
The ears fold through a spontaneous and inheritable defect in the mesoderm. This change gene whilst dominant is an incomplete dominant i.e. it has to be present in one parent for the offspring to have folded ears.
The Cat with the Crumpled Ears
The Scottish Fold is matched with a distinctive “look” and personality. When you think about a Fold think Round, the head, eyes and muzzle should be round. The body should be medium with a medium to long tail but in proportion to the body. The tail should be flexible and tapering. The coat should be dense, plush medium soft.
Its crowning glory, the Scottish Fold’s ears, come in all degrees of folds ranging from medium-sized “perk” ears to the cherished small, tightly folded ear. The Fold may have either a long or short coat and can be bred in over 40 different colours the same as the British Shorthair.
Their large round eyes and folded ears, coupled with expressive looks, intelligence and inquisitive nature make them a wonderful extension to the family home.
The Scottish Fold is a very unique and delightful cat with a sweet temperament very similar to the British and are often described as being hardy, good-natured, calm affable, loyal, intelligent, reserved, prosaic, stolid, loving, untemperamental, tranquil, dignified, independent and affectionate. They are not vocal cats and in fact are very quiet and can cope with being alone without fretting. They are not inclined to wander. They love children and get along extremely well with dogs.
Breeding and Genetics:
Dedicated Australian breeders over the past ten years have established a breeding programme and gained recognition as a pedigree breed with most Cat Fancy organisations. Breeding Scottish Folds requires special knowledge and patience in the breeding programme.
The kittens are not born with folded ears and not all kittens’ ears will fold. The kittens with pert ears are called Scottish Shorthairs. The kittens that carry the gene will start to fold at 2-3 weeks. The folding process begins to crimp at the outer edge of the ear then gradually tightens and the tips fold downward into the head, giving the appearance of the ears sliding off the top of the head.
There are different types of ear folding: the single fold, the loose in back, front-in-tight fold, cropped to the head fold, the double tight fold and capped to the head fold (which is the most desirable).
They require minimal care to maintain health and vigor. They are a treasure to own and will provide the family with lots of love and entertainment for many years.